The photonuclear processes department
Head of department - Doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, Prof. Maslyuk Volodymyr Trokhymovych.
Employees: – leading research associate, Doctors of Science V.M. Simulik, senior research associates: Doctors of Science, Laureate of the State Prize of Ukraine in the field of science and technology V.M. Mazur and Laureate of the NAS of Ukraine named I. Pulia A.A. Borovik, Candidates of Science: O.O. Parlag, O.I. Lendyel, M.I. Romaniuk, O.M. Pop and N.I. Svatiuk, Chief engineer of microtron M-30 Y.Y. Haynish, leading engineers: G.F. Pitchenko, Z.M. Bihan, M.V. Hoszowski, O.M. Turhovskyy, I.G. Mehela, I.V. Pylypchynets and P.S. Derechkey, first category technician I.M. Kushtan and worker M.V. Hondorchyn.
Department of Photonuclear Process is the first academic center for physics in Transcarpathia. It was created in September 1969 as a division of the Institute of Physics USSR of Academy of Sciences. From 1970 to 1982, he was a member of the Institute of Nuclear Research, USSR of Academy of Sciences, from 1982 to 1992 – to Uzhgorod branch INR USSR. It is the largest department of the institute, which by its specificity, is located separately from the main building in the picturesque city of Uzhhorod.
Now Uzhgorod is well known as the nuclear center of Ukraine involved in fundamental and applied research in nuclear physics.
The basic nuclear physical apparatus of our department, the M-30 microtron, is mounted in the special laboratory premises (800 м2 total area) with the 2.9 ha sanitary-protective zone. An M-30 microtron provides the possibility to change the accelerated electron energy smoothly within the 1–25 MeV range at the 0.02% energy spread and up to 50 μA electron current. Such parameters allow one to produce the intense fields of the electron, ϒ, and neutron radiation aimed at studying the fundamental and applied nuclear physics problems.
Gamma-spectrometric measurements are carried out with the use of high-resolution semiconductor HPGe - detector (150 см3 volume) operating at the liquid nitrogen temperature. The apparatus spectra are processed by a single-board "SBS-40" spectrometer interfaced with the "Pentium" IBM PC with the database including more than 360 isotopes for the 45–5000 кеV energy range.
Principal achievements in the field of fundamental nuclear physical studies:
Principal achievements in the field of applied nuclear physical studies:
Medical and biological achievements:
In 2002 the M-30 microtron IEF NAS of Ukraine entered into the registry objects of national property of Ukraine. He is also listed in the directory of nuclear physics installations IAEA.
The scientists of department cooperating with the Institute of Nuclear Physics of University of Lyon (France), University of Padua (Italy), Institute of Applied Physics, Bucharest (Romania), Technical University, Prague (Czech Republic), Institute of Solid State Physics, Sofia (Bulgaria).
In particular, the Department is a party to the cooperation agreements with the Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Debrecen, with the Institute of Radiochemistry and Radioecology of the University of Pannonia, Veszprém, Hungary, the Institute of Experimental Physics of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Kosice, Slovakia. The scientists of Department cooperate with the Technical University, Prague (Czech Republic), Institute of Solid State Physics, Sofia (Bulgaria), and have the joint research with colleagues of the Institute of Nuclear Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow by using the M-30 microtron on field of tissue-equivalent dosimetry.
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